Since several years, Mali is undertaking reforms of large-scale for the purpose of modernizing the State structures and make the economy more competitive.
At the heart of West Africa, subject to the Climatic Zones Sudanian zone, the Sahelian and Saharan, Mali is a large country agro-pastoral that rediscovers its mining vocation with the exploitation of its wealth goldfields.
It is characterized by its great craftsmanship, its strong culture market and the weakness of its industrial fabric.
In spite of strong constraints related in particular to climate, the landlocked and the vastness of the Territory, Mali is evidence of a great dynamism.
Indeed, since 1994, the country, which has been able to very ably take advantage of the Devaluation, displays satisfactory results at the macro-economic and financial.
A liberal policy
Mali intends to refit its objective of growth primarily on the private sector, both national and foreign, whose participation should be extended to the whole of the activities, including public services merchants.
In addition to the establishment of a framework of investment incentives, the State translated into the facts its willingness to liberalize the economy by disengaging the more possible to all market activities.
Its disengagement is operates through the operations of privatization, which may be total or partial, or those of setting in concession of some services to the private sector, in the classic form or by using the formula of contract boot.
The policy of disengagement of the State of companies with public capital began in 1988 with the implementation of the sectoral adjustment program of public enterprises (pipes).
Mali is committed in a all-embracing fight against corruption, as evidenced by the establishment of the Office of the Auditor General by the President of the Republic. It has also undertaken the privatization of a 15 companies of State.
These include the Society of Energy of the Mali (EDM), including 60% of capital has been transferred to the private sector, SOTELMA (telecommunications), Air Mali, Malian society of chemicals (SMPC), Airports of Mali or the research company Mining (SONAREM).
These corporations and agencies must either be privatized, or open to private capital, is dissolved.
The priorities of the development
The good macroeconomic performance recorded testify that the Mali, committed since several years in structural adjustment reforms, has successfully passed the first phase of adjustment and stabilization.
The major macro-economic balances have been restored, the indebtedness mastered, the liberalised economy and the framework of the Redesigned affairs.
For the years to come, the objective is to consolidate these achievements and move on to a phase of sustainable development which will significantly reduce poverty.
The broad lines of this policy and the actions to be undertaken are defined in two documents prepared by the government: the Accelerated Growth Strategy to the Horizon 2010 and the strategy for the fight against poverty.
The development strategy is structured around the four following axs:
the promotion of agro-pastoral competitive in the export (cotton, rice, fruit and vegetables, products of picking which Shea Butter, livestock).
The transformation of resources agro-pastoral to develop the channels textile, hides and skins, milk, eggs, meat… and the promotion of channels packaging and construction materials.
The development of new mining resources, outside of the gold.
The development of the tertiary sector, in particular of the services delivered to enterprises (council in management, accounting and financial expertise, training, informatics, communication, financial products…), maintenance, transport and tourism (business and congress, cultural).