Mali is a country to agro-pastoral vocation with more than 71.9% of farmers and ranchers who live in the countryside. The cotton is the first resource of export of the country. The peanut, after having been the most important industrial culture of the country, is gradually declining leaving place of food crops such as millet and rice of the Office of Niger. Since a few years the culture of the potato is experiencing a very large growth in the third region (Sikasso). The Mali exports of cattle to the neighboring States. The gold whose exploitation began a few years ago, is an important source of currency for the country. The mangoes of Mali are among the best in the world. Their export can be a very lucrative.
The country is also a major producer of fruits very varied. It product of spices.
The main sectors
The development of many ores not operated (bauxite, manganese, diamond, phosphate, marble, rock salt, gypsum) offers interesting business opportunities. Despite the enormous efforts made by the Malian authorities, the transport sector has a great need for foreign capital.
The mining resources
Mali has identified deposits of gold, of iron ore, bauxite, phosphates and marble.
The Mali is today the third largest gold producer in Africa, after South Africa and Ghana. The sector is very promising as evidenced by the agreements concluded for the exploitation of the gold mines of the Syama II, Loulo and Sadiola.
The gold occupies the 3rd place in export revenues of Mali after cotton and livestock on foot.
The mining sector is one of the engines of the current strategy of development of Mali.
In accordance with the guidelines of the government program, the mining policy revolves around the following principal axs:
- the continuation and intensification of the work of exploration and evaluation of indices (including gold) and their exploitation,
- the mobilization of material and financial means and their use through adapted structures,
- the development of a legislative framework, regulatory and institutional framework appropriate
- Defining between other, the role of the State, its forms of intervention, the place of the private sector and its relations with the State,
- the development of adequate basic infrastructure (energy and transport routes).
Sector Industrial Culture
for the private sector, the interest could exist in this sector at the level of the primary processing of its products.
With regard to the cotton, the country processes only a small quantity in intermediate product and/or consumable (approximately 2% of the cotton fiber product).
The proponents could create units of spinning and weaving with the support of technical and financial partners in order to produce yarns of cotton and of the unbleached. This would greatly enhance the value added of sector industries.
Better, the treatment of sub-products of cotton should stimulate the installation of Industries of cotton hydrophilic, of mattresses, meal and oil from cotton.
The industry of the peanuts and sub-products of treatment of the peanut is not well despite the presence of a processing unit.
The wheat is self-consumed in its area of production. The quantities produced are far to meet the national demand. As well, the private sector in agriculture may invest in this area by improving the local varieties and by increasing the quantities produced to reduce imports and achieve for the country, economies in foreign currencies.
The livestock sector
The herd of Mali is assessed by the National Directorate of Livestock to: 5.7 million cattle, 13.2 million sheep Goats and 300 thousand camels .
The Malian livestock conceals real potentialities which guarantee a significant production and sustainable development of meat.
To the private sector provide opportunities for feeder cattle, sheep and swine
of creation and privatization of slaughterhouses, marketing of animals and of meat (butchers), creation of the conservation units of the meat (drying, retains) units of transformation of the sub-products (powder of OS, flour of blood) for the supply of the livestock, poultry, fish and as fertilizer for market gardening.
The theoretical production of milk is estimated to be 1 061 563,3 tonnes of which 441 436.7 tonnes for cattle, 535 903 tonnes for sheep and goats, 84 223.6 tonnes for the camelins.
Mali is dependent on imports of milk powder and condensed milk because of the inadequacy of the means of long conservation.
The breeding of dairy cows, for the production of milk and its by-products, offers opportunities for the private sector in particular by the creation of small processing units and of conservation of the milk.
Filière hides and skins
and hides and skins are used by artisans in the manufacture of bags, belts, footwear and other articles of leather. But a large part is exported in the raw state by the traders.
These raw products can be treated until the state of wet-blue or to make articles of good quality before being exported.
The workforce of the avian herd is estimated at 56 million poultry. The poultry farming is practiced in a craft way in the family concessions industrial and with strains of poultry selected (hybrid).
In Mali, industrial poultry farming practiced essentially to Bamako and Segou is characterized by the production of broilers and eggs for consumption. The industrialization of the poultry industry is linked to the development of certain activities that can also be practiced by the private sector.
the production of food compounds of poultry
The installation of hatcheries
the production of hatching eggs
the poultry abattoir
the production of alveoli to eggs.
The Mali has a tradition of fishing of freshwater fish. A significant amount is consumed locally (10 kg/person/year). A not insignificant part is exported to Ghana and the Ivory Coast in the form of dried fish or smoked. Investment opportunities are real. They relate to the fish after capture and the hatchery.
The fish after the capture
has Sélingué, 4000 tonnes of fish are caught annually on a potential of 17 000 tonnes.
Has Manantali, it is captured approximately 200 tonnes of fish per year on a potential of 17 000 tonnes.
If at Sélingué 70% of fish caught are marketed in the fresh state, this percentage is low in the Manantali (30%) because of the isolation of the locality.
The organization of this stream, the source for the creation of added value and employment passes through the creation of small processing units, the establishment of units of production of ice on the sites of production, the achievement of adequate infrastructure in the cities for the sale of fresh fish, the organization of the transport in containers adequate.
On the only site of Sélingué, it is consumed approximately 7 tons of ice per day.
The agriculture sector
Investment opportunities in this sector are significant. In this area we can retain:
the transformation of dry cereals (wheat, millet, sorghum, maize, rice)
the marketing of inputs, and products.
This transformation offers several investment opportunities by the acquisition of material of transformation adapted to our operating conditions and the obtaining of products adapted to our culinary tastes.
This sector has a real opportunity to know an expansion especially toward the neighboring countries, because the Mali, since a few years, releases of surplus production in the field of grain.
In particular, the corn that is experiencing a strong demand especially from aviculturists of Senegal.
This gives in Mali the opportunity to position itself as the largest supplier of feed grains to base of corn.
The treatment and processing of potatoes, yams, of fonio can provide opportunities for the establishment of small and medium-sized enterprises oriented toward the local market and sub-regional levels.
Pipeline of fruit and vegetables
This stream is commercially very dynamic because it is estimated that 65% of the production are marketed, thus representing a volume of business of 27 billion FCFA.
For fresh products, the sales volumes follow the evolution of the production (large seasonal irregularity).
With respect to the volumes of processed products, they are of little importance.
The processing of fruits and vegetables is very low compared to the seasonal surpluses. This transformation concerns principally:
- the mango
- the shallot
- the carrot
- The Tamarind
- the guava
- the orange, etc.
The Real Estate
Mali is a country in construction. There are many public and private projects in the buildings sector and public works. The demand for construction materials is in very strong growth. Also, the following niches they offer enormous opportunities for investment: manufactures bricks, cement, manufacture of lime and paintings, production of plaster, manufacture of iron to concrete and other carpentry, metal or wood to the buildings, manufacturing of electrical devices (bulbs, circuit breakers, taken, ducts)
Cement: all the raw materials necessary for the production of cement are available in Mali:
the limestone in the Kayes region where we have reserves of (10.6 million tonnes ) to Sélinkehni, ( 8.6 million tonnes to Kareya);
the clay is always available in the region of Kayes with ( 50 thousand tonnes of reserves) to Balandougou (2.5 million tonnes) and Farako:
The gypsum is present in the regions of Kidal and Timbuktu ( 35 000 tonnes of reserve).
Following the closure of the IMACO its In 1995, the supply of cement on the Malian market is ensured by the outside.
The arts and crafts and tourism
Since the devaluation of the CFA franc in 1994, these two sectors have experienced a recovery quite significantly.
According to the estimates, the exports of the products of the crafts have increased by 40% and the tourist flow is increased by at least 35% to nearly 142 000 visitors.
Investment opportunities in this sector are:
the construction of new hotels in Mopti, Djenné , Kayes, Gao , Timbuktu and Bamako
The exploitation of national parks (eco-tourism)
the creation of training centers in the tourism sector and the hotels,
the creation of distribution companies of craft products
the realization of small units of processing of local products,
the export of the products of the craft.
The urban and interurban transportation
Mali covers 1.241 238 km 2. Its infrastructure are among the least developed in the world. On the whole they are inadequate and not always in good condition. This weakness of transport infrastructure significantly reduces the mobility of travellers and goods, and at the same time raises the price of the products transported. It should be recalled that the share of transport in the cost price of products transported is of the order of 27 to 30% in Mali.
The transport system is characterized by a strong predominance of road transport ( more than 80% of the production of transport) although it is not the more economic. The analysis of the direct costs of transport pointed to a clear lack of economic optimization in the combination of modes of transport since 80% of trade in goods were by road via Abidjan ( before the Ivorian crisis) rather than by rail ( which is 30 to 60% less expensive).
To effectively contribute to the desired economic growth of 6.7%, the Government of Mali has launched a restructuring in depth, in order to reduce costs while improving the production of benefits by a better combination of modes of transport.
Has this effect, Mali has developed an extensive program of rehabilitation and development of infrastructure called, the sectoral transport program (PST) affecting in particular: the road infrastructure, the waterway infrastructure, rail, maritime and aeronautical.
The fundamental objective of this program is the strengthening of the competitiveness of the economy through: the opening up inside and outside of the country, the reduction of the costs of the transport and the improvement of the efficiency of transport operations , the promotion of a transportation industry efficient and competitive, the improvement of the security and the quality of the transport of persons…
To achieve the objectives listed above, the government relies essentially on the strategies following:
the establishment of a healthy competition between the modes of transport on the one hand and on the other hand between transport companies, the extension and a better management of the network of rural tracks, the implementation Overall concession of railway networks Mali – Senegal ( with the Canadian company CANAC).